Evan Mah at The Emory Wheel goes into some of the talks that have been happening behind the scenes for the past 4 years, culminating in what looked to the rest of the faculty and students like a sudden announcement.
The Faculty Financial Advisory Committee was established in the 2007/2008 year in response to what were then the early days of a nationwide recession (but before the worldwide market crisis of September 2008). It was comprised of 8 faculty members, none of whom were part of any of the departments that ultimately incurred cuts. Michael Giles, of political science, was the chair.
The committee set to evaluating the various academic departments in terms of their running costs, enrollment numbers, reputations, and (more amorphous) value and viability. Giles explains:
“Thinking in terms of scholarly distinction and potential for eminence of programs, how much does it take to move a program up? Some are more costly than other,” Giles said. “How distinguished is a department? What’s its role in the liberal arts? How essential is it? If it’s excised, can you still have a viable liberal arts program? Interdependence [with other departments] goes into that [criteria] as well.”
Giles also said that a key consideration was a department’s centrality in the liberal arts. Without mathematics, for example, physics and biology would be undermined.
Many readers of this blog will no doubt take issue with the findings: Is Spanish, with high demand and a nearly 100% job placement rate for its PhD graduates, not central or distinguished enough? How about the ILA, the first interdisciplinary PhD program in the U.S.? Or the economics department, whose U.S.-wide ranking improved by about 30 points over the last decade (placing it among the top 50 nationwide)?
Hank Klibanoff, chair of the journalism program, takes the committee to task for its refusal to communicate its goals and fears openly, especially at the height of the financial crisis. Giles maintains that greater transparency would have caused “widespread panic.”
(I was here in 2008. I doubt that one more voice, speaking rationally and factually, could have generated any more panic than the constant flow of rumors or the culture at large.)
The Wheel also includes a graph of the “Number of students affected by department cuts,” which we believe is misleading (especially in regard to the undergraduate figures). The number of majors is not an accurate measure of impact, given elective courses, on-campus visibility and public conferences, the amount of teaching done by grad students, and the impact of departments’ research and publications.
 The other members were Keith Berland of physics; Huw Davies of chemistry; Dean Forman; Pam Hall and Bobbi Patterson of religion; Stefan Lutz of chemistry; and Associate Dean Rick Rubinson of sociology.
The Chronicle has published an interview with Dean Forman and three professors. Since it’s paywalled, we’re reproducing the original here. Thanks to Alyssa for the transcription.
by Dan Berrett
Shock, distress, and a sense of loss roiled the campus of Emory University on Monday after the announcement late last week that the Atlanta institution was shutting three departments and one program, and suspending graduate admissions to three other programs.
“It’s sickening,” said Maria Arbatskaya, an associate professor of economics and director of graduate studies. “It’s like we’ve been shut down without us knowing.”
News of the changes, which came Friday afternoon in a letter from Robin Forman, dean of Emory College of Arts and Sciences, surprised the leaders of many of the affected departments, though Mr. Forman said it was generally known that a longstanding faculty committee had been evaluating the strength of programs and that a reorganization loomed this fall.
Opponents of the moves started online petitions and held public meetings on the campus on Monday.
The changes are also notable because their intended purpose—though hotly contested by faculty—runs counter to recent trends in academe, in which students have flocked to disciplines, like business, that have a practical bent and boast a direct connection to a job, while liberal education has been on the defensive. “This,” said Mr. Forman, “is very much an effort to invest in a liberal education in its truest sense.”
Three departments are due to be closed over the next few years: the division of educational studies, the department for visual arts, and the department of health and physical education, which is already being phased out. Emory’s degree-granting program in journalism will also close after two years. Graduate-student admissions will be suspended in economics, Spanish, and the Institute of Liberal Arts. Some departments have stopped accepting applications for the fall of 2013.
Hank Klibanoff, a professor and chair of the journalism program, said he disagreed with the idea that practical and liberal education were necessarily opposed. His program awards co-majors, in which students graduate with a degree in journalism and in another field, which equips them with both subject-area knowledge and journalism training.
“We consider ourselves a liberal-arts program,” he said. “I guarantee our classrooms are far more than just how to write a compelling lead or how to fashion a really embracing kicker.”
Describing the program’s 160 students as “deeply, deeply shattered,” he questioned the timing and rationale for the decision, especially if saving money was not the intended reason.
It wasn’t, Mr. Forman said. He described the moves as helping to make the university stronger financially, while also noting that they follow several years of deficits at the college. Those deficits had been closed, he said, but several departments remained weak and without sufficient resources. Any money saved would be shifted to new programs in areas like contemporary China, digital and new media, and neuroscience, to bolster existing programs, or reboot the suspended graduate programs.
“I have no expectation that this will save money,” Mr. Forman said. “It’s about creating a compelling vision for investment.”
A Decision ‘Out of Nowhere’
Many faculty members said they felt blind-sided by the announcement of the changes.
“This was a decision handed down to us from out of nowhere,” said C. Aiden Downey, an assistant professor and director of undergraduate studies in the division of educational studies. “As someone who studies democratic education, I’m aghast at the lack of process here.”
The division, which studies urban education and reform, has 50 students in its undergraduate major and about 20 in its master’s-degree program, plus a handful of doctoral candidates admitted in each year’s cohort. Mr. Downey said his main concern was undergraduates, whom he described as being tearful and shocked by the news.
The change also represents a blow to his career. After three years as a visiting professor, Mr. Downey was in his first year on the tenure track. “It’s back to the uncertainty,” he said.
Mr. Forman acknowledged that some departments may not have known about the pending changes. In some cases, news may not have survived departmental leadership transitions, as one chair replaced another. He also conceded that the administration might have done a better job of announcing that changes were generally afoot without always making it clear which specific programs were at risk. “As to whether it was clear to units the precise decision we were making,” he said, “it’s fair to say it wasn’t.”
The review process had been under way for four years, Mr. Forman said. A faculty committee had been studying whether departments had achieved “academic eminence,” what resources might be needed to bring them up to that level, how they served other disciplines and the general-education program, and to what extent they were “truly essential” to a liberal education program of the future.
“We tried to separate whether it had been essential for the last 200 years from whether it was essential for next 20 to 30 years,” Mr. Forman said.
A Retreat From Its Legacy?
Such judgments confused supporters of the affected departments, and sent a poor message to the wider public, especially to some women and minorities. Some of the departments, these supporters noted, have amassed a strong record in attracting and retaining women and scholars of color, and have engaged in issues of relevance to Atlanta.
“At a time when public education is being increasingly contested, Emory is retreating from its own legacy, which is profoundly disappointing,” said Vanessa Siddle Walker, a professor of history of American education and qualitative research methods. “This is tantamount to abandoning the community in which it lives.”
While some faculty members were careful to say they understood the dismay of their colleagues, they also saw change as necessary, even when it involved their own program.
Karen Stolley, an associate professor of Spanish and chair of the department of Spanish and Portuguese, said her department had been involved in discussions about its future, and that the announcement did not come as a surprise.
Fewer foreign-language jobs are available, and the nature of those jobs is changing, she said. The training offered by her department has to change, too, she said. “We all see that the situation that has evolved was untenable.”
Suspending graduate admissions will allow her and her colleagues to think through how to shift the program’s emphasis, perhaps to reflect a blend of scholarship and outreach to the public, or to incorporate more study of linguistics. “There’s a strong consensus that we’re going to be OK,” Ms. Stolley said, “that this is an opportunity that we’re energized by.”